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WEB DEVELOPMENT

Chapter 9: Navigation within a document
By: Developer Shed
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    2003-08-09

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    SEARCH DEV MECHANIC

    TOOLS YOU CAN USE

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    Wouldn't it be nice to be able to click a link and move to another area within the same page? Well you can. You will use the normal anchor tag (<A HREF>) except instead of placing another page in the quotes, we will use a named portion of the document, which begins with a #. To name the part of the document, go to the area you want to name, and place <a name="name_of_area">text</a>, then to call a link to that place from somewhere else in the document, use <a href="#name_of_area">text</a> Example:

    <a href="#section2">Go To Section 2</a><br>
    blah<br>
    blah<br>
    blah<br>
    blah<br>
    blah<br>
    blah<br>
    <a name="section2">Welcome To Section 2!</a>


    Go To Section 2
    blah
    blah
    blah
    blah
    blah
    blah
    Welcome To Section 2!

    Once you have the section named, you can even call it from other documents... for example, if you named a section in index.html called section2, you could call it from bookmarks.html using <a href="index.html#section2">.



    Your own HTML page...


    Add the following to your HTML page ("Home.htm") (the blue text is what to add).

    <html>
    <head><title>My Home Page</title></head>
    <!-- The body starts here - and a background image is loaded -->
    <body background="bgnd.gif">

    <!-- This is a heading, in blue -->
    <center><font color="Blue"><h1>YOURNAME's Home Page</h1></font></center>
    <!-- This is a horizontal line -->
    <hr>
    <!-- My name and the two images are all part of a link - which is a "mailto" link -->
    This is the home page of <a href="mailto:YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS"><img src="bullet.gif" border=0><b>YOURNAME</b>.<img src="bullet.gif" border=0></a>
    <p>Type something about yourself here. Describe briefly who you are and what you do for a living. Remember to use bold and italic text, for emphasis.</p>


    <!-- This is an ordered list of sections in the document -->
    <ol>
    <!-- The first item is a link to a section labelled FavLinks -->
    <li><a href="#FavLinks">My Favourite Web Sites</a></li>
    <!-- The second item is a link to a section labelled Hobbies -->
    <li><a href="#Hobbies">My Hobbies</a></li>
    </ol>

    <hr>

    <!-- This command labels this point as section FavLinks -->
    <a name="FavLinks">
    <h2>My favourite Web Sites</h2>
    </a>

    <br>

    <!-- This list is an unordered list -->
    <ul>
    <li> <a href="http://www.xencon.com">Xenon Web Design</a> </li>
    <li> <a href="http://www.microsoft.com">Microsoft</a> </li>
    <li> <a href="http://www.sybase.com">Sybase</a> </li>
    <li> <a href="http://www.sybase.co.za">Sybase South Africa</a> </li>
    </ul>


    <hr>

    <!-- This command labels this point as section Hobbies -->
    <a name="Hobbies">
    <h2>My Hobbies</h2>
    </a>
    Talk about your hobbies here.

    </body>
    </html>


    Save the text file as "Home.htm".


    << Chapter 8

     

    DISCLAIMER: The content provided in this article is not warranted or guaranteed by Developer Shed, Inc. The content provided is intended for entertainment and/or educational purposes in order to introduce to the reader key ideas, concepts, and/or product reviews. As such it is incumbent upon the reader to employ real-world tactics for security and implementation of best practices. We are not liable for any negative consequences that may result from implementing any information covered in our articles or tutorials. If this is a hardware review, it is not recommended to open and/or modify your hardware.

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